Pathological changes to the skin have many different causes. Predisposition, immune reactions and environmental factors also play a role.
Atopic dermatitis (atopic eczema, neurodermatitis)
Atopic dermatitis/eczema or neurodermatitis is a chronic skin disease that typically first manifests in infancy.
Contact dermatitis – also known as contact eczema – is an inflammatory non-infectious reaction of the skin to external substances and influences.
Urticaria (hives/nettle rash)
In urticaria, also known as hives or nettle rash, itchy wheals form on the skin as on contact with stinging nettles.
Severe local swelling of the skin might indicate a case of angioedema. The condition mainly affects the arms and legs but can also affect the face and the genital area.
Chronic hand eczema
Substances that are harmful to the skin, irritants, allergy-causing substances but also hereditary factors can be a reason for eczema of the hands. The symptoms differ greatly and vary in severity.
One day in the sun and the skin turns red, itches and develops a rash - despite the use of sun cream. What is happening? Could it be a sun allergy?
Psoriasis is a chronic, non-contagious disease that primarily affects the skin.
Vitiligo is a chronic disease characterised by patchy discolouration of the skin.